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⬅ CARBS Business Review

Unlocking the Power of Patents: A Comprehensive Guide to Intellectual Property Protection

Muhammad Haseeb Shakil

21 December, 2023

Unlocking the Power of Patents A Comprehensive Guide to Intellectual Property Protection

In the fast-paced world of innovation, securing your groundbreaking ideas and inventions is paramount. Patents, a form of intellectual property protection, play a pivotal role in safeguarding your intellectual assets and reaping the rewards of your ingenuity. This blog delves into the world of patents, exploring their importance, what they mean for businesses, the intricacies of obtaining one, and various types of patents.


Understanding Patents: A Foundation of Innovation

At its core, a patent is an exclusive right granted for an invention, whether it’s a product or a novel process that offers a fresh approach to solving a problem or creating something new. To obtain a patent, inventors must disclose technical information about their creation in a patent application, making it public knowledge. This disclosure is a cornerstone of the patent system, encouraging innovation by sharing knowledge while protecting inventors’ rights.


Why are Patents So Important?


1- Protecting Intellectual Property: Patents are the linchpin of intellectual property protection, guarding your inventions and innovations from being exploited by others.


2- typically, Rights: They bestow exclusive rights upon inventors for a specified period, typically 20 years, giving them a competitive edge in the market.


3- Incentivizing Innovation: Patents serve as financial incentives for inventors, allowing them to profit from their creations, and fostering a culture of innovation.


4- Licensing and Financial Opportunities: Patents can be licensed, sold, or used as assets to attract investors and partners, offering financial opportunities.


What Patents Can Mean for Businesses

Patents offer businesses a multifaceted advantage, enhancing their competitiveness in the market. Firstly, they create a protective shield around a company’s innovations, preventing competitors from utilizing patented technologies and thereby granting a unique competitive edge. Secondly, patents can be a source of increased revenue and higher profit margins, as they secure a company’s unique market position and the associated pricing power. Moreover, patents can be leveraged for licensing opportunities, diversifying income streams and adding to a company’s financial stability. Lastly, a strong patent portfolio bolsters a company’s negotiating power in various business dealings, including partnerships and acquisitions, further fortifying its position in the market.


Caveats to Getting Patents

Patents bring substantial advantages to businesses, but they also come with inherent challenges and limitations. Firstly, they can be costly to obtain and maintain due to expenses like filing fees and legal services. Additionally, the patent application process is complex, demanding meticulous documentation and legal expertise, making it time-consuming. Moreover, patents are only granted for inventions that are truly novel and non-obvious, which can be difficult to establish. Finally, patent protection is not perpetual, as it generally lasts for 20 years from the filing date, after which the protected technology becomes part of the public domain. These limitations highlight the need for businesses to carefully consider the costs and complexities involved in obtaining and maintaining patents, as well as the need to continuously innovate beyond the patent’s expiration to maintain a competitive edge.


Who Benefits from Patents?

Patents hold immense value for various individuals and entities across the innovation landscape. Firstly, inventors benefit significantly as they are granted exclusive rights to their inventive products or processes. This exclusivity ensures that their creations cannot be replicated or used by others for a specific period, typically 20 years from the filing date, allowing them to enjoy the fruits of their innovation and protect their investments in research and development.


Businesses also find patents to be invaluable tools for protecting their intellectual property, which often constitutes a core asset. Patents help companies maintain a competitive edge in their respective industries, as they can block competitors from using similar technologies or processes. Furthermore, a robust patent portfolio can enhance a business’s attractiveness to potential investors and partners, as it demonstrates a commitment to innovation and an ability to protect valuable intellectual assets.


Entrepreneurs and startups can derive significant advantages from patents. By securing patents for their innovative ideas and products, they establish a firm foothold in the market, reduce the risk of larger competitors copying their concepts, and create opportunities for growth. Patents can also serve as valuable assets for startups when seeking funding, as they provide a level of security and confidence to investors regarding the uniqueness and protectability of the startup’s offerings. In summary, patents play a vital role in fostering innovation and protecting the interests of inventors, businesses, entrepreneurs, and startups alike.


Different Kinds of Patent

There are different kinds of patents, each serving specific purposes. Utility patents, the most common type, cover new and useful processes, machines, articles of manufacture, and compositions of matter. Design patents protect the unique, ornamental design or appearance of an object, while plant patents are designed for new and distinct plant varieties, including asexually reproduced plants. When it comes to the types of patents, there are two main categories. Provisional patents offer temporary protection and priority for invention, allowing inventors to explore their ideas’ commercial potential without the need for claims or examination. They are advantageous for securing priority, protecting the idea, and assessing commercial feasibility without incurring substantial expenses. On the other hand, non-provisional patents provide 20 years of patent protection from the filing date, undergo a thorough examination for patentability, and require the inclusion of claims to define the invention’s scope. Understanding these different kinds of patents and their types is crucial for inventors and businesses seeking to protect their intellectual property.


Why File a Patent?

Filing a patent provides a range of substantial advantages for individuals and businesses. Firstly, it grants exclusive rights to the patent holder, which means they have the sole authority to make, use, and sell the patented invention for a specified period, typically 20 years from the filing date. This exclusivity can be a significant competitive advantage, as it blocks competitors from using the same technology or process, ensuring that the patent holder maintains a strong market position. Moreover, patents can yield high returns on investment, as they safeguard the uniqueness of a product or technology, allowing the patent holder to charge premium prices and enjoy increased revenue and profit margins. In addition to generating revenue, patents can also be leveraged for licensing opportunities, enabling the patent holder to grant others the right to use their invention in exchange for royalties, creating additional income streams.


Furthermore, a robust patent portfolio can enhance a company’s negotiating power in various business dealings, such as partnerships and acquisitions, as it demonstrates the company’s commitment to innovation and its ability to protect its intellectual property. This not only safeguards the company’s market position but also enhances its image in the corporate world, signaling to investors, partners, and customers that it is a leader in innovation and technology. Lastly, patents serve as a vital tool for preventing the exploitation of one’s ideas and inventions. By obtaining a patent, inventors and businesses can deter others from copying or stealing their innovations, thus protecting their intellectual property rights. In summary, filing a patent offers a comprehensive array of benefits, from market advantages and financial gains to strategic opportunities and protection against intellectual property theft.


Patent Filing Requirements

Filing a patent involves several key steps:


Step 1: Constructing the Specification

● Title of Invention

● Abstract

● Field of Invention

● Background of Invention

● Detailed Description of

● Invention

● Drawings

● Claims


Step 2: Filling the Request Forms

● Form P-1 (for sole or joint applicants) or Form P-1A (when the inventor is not a party to the application)

● Form P-3A (for complete specification) or P-3 (for provisional/incomplete specification)

● Form P-28 for authorization of a patent Attorney/Agent (optional)


Step 3: Paying the Filing Fee

Pay the filing fee via a pay order or demand draft from a scheduled bank in the name of the Director General, IPO-Pakistan. The fee varies depending on the specification and additional pages or claims.


Non-Patentable Subject Matters

According to Patent Ordinance 2000, in the realm of patents, certain subject matters are not considered inventions and thus are ineligible for patent protection. These include discoveries, scientific theories, or mathematical methods, as patents are designed to protect practical and tangible innovations rather than abstract concepts or natural phenomena. Literary, dramatic, musical, or artistic works are also excluded from patent protection, as they fall under copyright or intellectual property laws. Likewise, schemes, rules, or methods for mental acts, games, or business, along with mere presentations of information, are typically not patentable, as they often lack the concrete and technical elements required for patent eligibility. Additionally, substances that exist naturally, unless they are isolated or modified in a way that makes them useful, are not patentable.

Furthermore, patents are not granted for inventions that conflict with public order, morality, or environmental well-being. This means that even if an invention meets the patent criteria in terms of novelty, non-obviousness, and utility, it may still be denied a patent if it is deemed to have adverse ethical, social, or environmental implications. These restrictions help maintain the integrity of the patent system and ensure that it serves the broader interests of society while encouraging innovation in a responsible and ethical manner.


Legal and Disclosure Requirements for Patentability

Obtaining a patent involves meeting a set of fundamental criteria to ensure the invention’s eligibility and utility. Firstly, the invention must satisfy the novelty requirement, meaning it should not have been anticipated by prior art, which encompasses all publicly available knowledge or technologies related to the field. The invention should introduce something genuinely new and original to the field, setting it apart from existing knowledge or technology. Secondly, the invention should demonstrate inventiveness or non-obviousness. This means that it should not be an obvious development or modification to someone with ordinary skills in the relevant field. In other words, the invention should represent a significant advancement or innovative step beyond what is already known or practiced. Additionally, the patent must exhibit industrial applicability, meaning it should have practical utility and be capable of application within an industrial or commercial context. The invention should serve a tangible purpose and not be purely theoretical or abstract.


In the process of obtaining a patent, it is crucial to meet the disclosure requirement in the patent specification. Patent applications must include clear and complete disclosure of the invention, providing enough information to enable a skilled person in the relevant field to replicate the invention. This includes detailed descriptions, drawings, and examples, among other relevant information. Furthermore, the best mode for carrying out the invention should be indicated, ensuring that the patent provides comprehensive guidance for practitioners seeking to implement the technology. These criteria collectively ensure that patents protect only genuinely innovative and practical inventions, encourage innovation, and provide a solid foundation for technological progress.


Muhammad Haseeb Shakil

Muhammad Haseeb Shakil

Muhammad Haseeb Shakil is a dynamic professional currently serving as the Executive Research Operations at the Office of Research, Innovation, and Commercialization (ORIC) at Superior University Lahore. He earned his latest qualification from COMSATS University Islamabad, Lahore Campus, reflecting his commitment to academic excellence.


Please note that all opinions, views, statements, and facts conveyed in the article are solely those of the author and do not necessarily represent the official policy or position of Chaudhry Abdul Rehman Business School (CARBS). CARBS assumes no liability or responsibility for any errors or omissions in the content. When interpreting and applying the information provided in the article, readers are advised to use their own discretion and judgement.

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